Obesity Surgery Options

The demand for obesity surgery has grown by leaps and bounds over the past decade, thanks to the explosive increase in morbid obesity rate.

Obesity is a leading public health concern today and it is not only overeating and lack of exercise that promotes obesity, our modern lifestyle is equally responsible for fuelling the phenomenon, which further elevates an obese individual's risk for heart disease, diabetes and premature mortality.

Worldwide obesity rate inches upward, so do the demand for surgical weight loss options. According to the World Health Organization (WHO), obesity has more than doubled since 1980, with more than 1 billion adults around the world are now overweight, and at least 300 million of them are clinically obese.

Obesity Surgery Options

Over the course of past few years, obesity surgery has grown in popularity, thanks to the vast advancements in surgery techniques and development of new surgical instruments. By some estimates, approximately 100,000 severely obese people in the United States go under the bariatrician's knife every year to get rid of those oodles of extra fat around their midsection.

Obesity surgery is the most effective treatment for chronically obese people. The National Institutes of Health (NIH) has recommended obesity surgery for people with a body mass index (BMI) of at least 40 or who have a BMI of 35 with serious obesity-related health conditions such as type 2 diabetes and sleep apnea.

Obesity surgery comes under the category of bariatric surgery which is further classified as restrictive procedures, malabsorptive procedures and combined restrictive/malabsorptive procedures. Each of these procedures has several variations.

Restrictive Surgery Options
Restrictive Procedures- As the name implies, these surgical procedures restrict the food intake by making the stomach smaller. Following the restrictive surgery, a person feels fully satisfied even after consuming less food.

The much more commonly performed restrictive surgeries include Roux-en-Y Gastric Bypass (RYGB), the Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Band (LAGB) also known as the Laparoscopic Band or Lap Band for short, Vertical Banded Gastroplasty more commonly known as Stomach Stapling, Gastric Sleeve surgery, and the Gastric Balloon.

Malabsorptive Procedures- The surgeries in this category are done on the stomach and/or intestines to alter the normal digestive process, which results in considerable weight loss. The main type of obesity surgery in this category is Biliopancreatic Diversion (BPD). Purely malabsorptive surgeries are no longer done because of quite high risks of malnutrition.

Restrictive and Malabsorptive Procedures- When used in combination, these procedures limit the absorption of proteins, calories and other nutrients by stomach, while also making the stomach smaller. Long limb or Distal Gastric Bypass and Duodenal Switch are the two most common surgical interventions for morbid obesity in this category.

Of all types of obesity surgery, Open Gastric Bypass (combination of restrictive and malabsorptive procedures), Laparoscopic Gastric Bypass (combination of restrictive and malabsorptive procedures) and Laparoscopic Adjustable Gastric Banding - Lap Band (restrictive procedure) are by far the most sought after surgical options by morbidly obese people.

While a variety of surgical procedures for morbid obesity are available, gastric bypass surgery is the most commonly used procedure. Gastric bypass surgery can be further categorized in three main types - Roux-en-Y gastric bypass (RGB), Mini-Gastric Bypass Surgery and Extensive gastric bypass (biliopancreatic diversion). According to the American Society for Bariatric Surgery (ASBS), an estimated 140,000 gastric bypass surgeries are carried out every year in the United States.

If you are dangerously overweight and have failed to shed those extra pounds through conventional approaches, such as diet and exercise, or if you are suffering from serious health problems caused by your massive body fat, then obesity surgery may be the only option for you.

For a number of people who've failed to lose weight through orthodox methods, getting Lap Band in India is quite helpful. Americans can pursue any kind of obesity surgery right in the US. US people with weight issues can get gastric sleeve and Gastric Band in Las Vegas.


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